星期三,7月27日,二千零一十一

你理想的一天会是什么样子?芭芭拉·谢尔的教训

在生活中有很多方法可以得到你想要的。第一步,however,就是知道你在生活中想要什么。这个,对许多人来说,is the hardest part.


差不多三年前,when I was on vacation in Portland,牙买加我读了芭芭拉·谢尔的一本书 Wishcraft: How to Get What You Really Want .

The book came highly recommended by the amazing 凯瑞·安·洛基摩尔and I found it carried many important life lessons.在 诡计,芭芭拉·谢尔提供了一种策略,可以弄清楚你在生活中想要什么。Part of that strategy is to imagine your perfect day.不是你完美的假期,但在你理想生活中,有规律的一天。一旦你知道你完美的一天会是什么样子,它使你更容易想象你的完美生活。

被完美的一天的想法迷住了,而且,当然,a perfect life,I began to think about how a day in my ideal life would look.

我理想的日子

我的一天从黎明时分醒来,听到海浪拍打海岸的声音开始。The first thing I do is get up and go for a walk on the beach.
又来了!!

After walking,我在海滩上做一些力量训练或瑜伽,然后去海里泡一泡。我进去了,take a shower,然后和我的丈夫和孩子们在俯瞰大海的露台上吃早餐。My breakfast includes a café latte,芒果冰沙,and yogurt with granola and strawberries.

我的孩子们步行去上学,我丈夫忙于做他喜欢做的事情——练习音乐或制作珠宝。我坐在露台上,或者坐在写字台的大窗户前,写了两个小时的书。vwin徳赢竞技After writing,I answer emails and update my blog.然后,我准备好吃午饭了。

我从家里走了几个街区去了一家不错的餐馆,在花园里吃了顿午餐,很有启发性。engaging,smart friends.我们享受美味,健康的饮食和美妙的交谈。

午饭后,我走到校园,在那里,如果是教学日,我要么准备上课,如果是研究日,我要么做图书馆研究。When I teach my class,去一个满是订婚的房间,socially active students who are thrilled with learning and with ideas.我感到很满足地离开了校园,走到我孩子们的学校去接他们。

下午,我带孩子们去户外或文化活动。This might be theatre practice,骑马,nature hiking,或者在海滩上游泳。

我做了什么??

或者,这可能是我们一起去祖巴或舞蹈班的日子。家庭活动结束后,我们回家准备晚餐。孩子们在我和南多做晚饭的时候做作业。

A couple of musician friends come over for dinner,我们在后甲板上享受。食物美味,交谈活跃。After dinner,my husband,Nandoand our friends play a few songs.I listen from the hammock on our back deck.

在孩子们上床睡觉前,我和他们一起读了一会儿书。Nando and I relax on the couch for a while before going to bed.我睡着了,relaxed,睡觉直到我准备好开始新的一天。

什么会让你快乐??

这个练习的下一步是找出在这个理想的日子里你想要过什么样的生活。And,为了找出快乐的必要条件,而这些只是虚饰。As I think about this for myself,我意识到我不一定要住在海滩上,但确实需要定期接触大自然之美。我喜欢散步和户外活动,所以,在温暖的气候中生活对我来说是一种肯定的好处。我一天中另一个最重要的部分是有好朋友在身边。所以,我还想住在一个有机会进入一个伟大社区的地方。

One great thing I got out of this exercise is that I have chosen the right profession.作为一名大学教授,我可以灵活地在家里写作,下午和更广泛的社区打交道。我太社会化了,不想一直在家里写作,so I do enjoy being able to teach and to speak publicly.

How Does Your Ideal Day Look??

那你呢?你理想的一天会是什么样子?生活中最重要的事情是什么??

这是您的指示 http://www.wishcraft.com/wishcraft_ch3.pdf

练习9:理想的一天
With pen in hand and as much paper as you need (or a tape recorder if you prefer to dream out loud),take a leisurely walk through a day that would be perfect if it represented your usual days—not a vacation day,不是妥协的一天,但你生命中最重要的东西,正如你所希望的那样。以现在时和细节来度过这一天,从早上起床到晚上睡觉。你醒来的第一件事是什么?你早餐吃什么?你是自己做的还是在床上拿给你的?用一个玫瑰和晨报?Do you take a long,hot bath?凉快的淋浴?What kinds of clothes do you put on?How do you spend the morning?下午?每天的每个时候,你是在室内还是室外?quiet or active,alone or with people??

As you go through the hours of your fantasy day,要记住三个有用的类别:什么,where,and who.

你在做什么工作?什么样的游戏?想象一下你的全部能力。如果你想唱歌或航行,and you don't know how,in this fantasy you do know how.

Where—in what kind of place,空间,situation?伦敦公寓,俄勒冈农场设备齐全的车间,an elegant hotel room,一艘游艇??

你和谁一起工作?一起吃饭,笑着说话,睡觉?毫无疑问,你会想在你的幻想中写一些你最喜欢的真人;vwin徳赢竞技你可能还想包括一些你想被作家包围的人,vwin徳赢竞技音乐家,孩子们,people your own age,people of all different ages,运动员,Frenchmen,金融家,简单的乡下人,celebrities.

那你呢?How do you envision your ideal day?你离实现目标有多近?What is one thing you can do today to get you closer to your ideal life??

星期二,7月19日,二千零一十一

要成为一名成功的学者,你必须有多聪明?德赢官网?

在马尔科姆·格拉德威尔家 离群值:成功的故事 ,he argues that success is often the product of hard work,combined with timing,运气好,and ability.He also contends that superior intelligence is not necessary for success;你只需要超过一个临界点。(This threshold theory of intelligence was proposed by Ellis Paul Torrance,and popularized by Gladwell.) Academia would certainly count for one of the areas where a certain threshold of intelligence is required.

I think the threshold theory of intelligence is interesting for two reasons.第一,我们可以诚实地问你如何知道你是否超过了临界点。其次,once you are over the threshold,你不必担心自己有多聪明:你只需要努力工作,希望你的时机是对的。

凯瑟琳·玛丽·德鲁·贝克(1901-1957)

你够聪明吗??

几周前,, 乔纳森在他的博客中提到了阈值理论。He 争辩
如果你有一所名校的博士学位,如果你已经发表了一两篇文章,if you've been engaging in the actual work in a way that's intrinsically satisfying to yourself,then you are over the threshold.
I agree with Jonathan,但我怀疑他把吧台放得有点高。I think that anyone who is accepted into a graduate program at a school that consistently places students in tenure track positions and who is able to complete an M.A.thesis is likely over the threshold.我想把吧台放低一点,但会留在那里。

如果你是这样的话,那么我们可以假定你足够聪明,能够成为一名成功的学者。德赢官网You see,you don't have to be concerned about whether or not you are the brightest in your cohort or the current star on the 德赢官网academic job market.你只需要跨过门槛,然后努力工作就可以取得成功。If that does not describe you,那么你可能仍然超过临界点,and just need to develop the skills to complete an M.A.thesis.

A Meritocracy??

It is funny to listen to myself say that if you work hard you will be successful,因为我知道学院里没有精英阶层,或者其他任何地方。However,I also know that many 德赢官网academics are plagued with doubt about their abilities and that these doubts keep them from being successful.

成为一名成功的学者的一个方面是,它需要一定的技能。德赢官网And,these skills can be learned and honed.As Malcolm Gladwell and Jonathan Mayhew argue,you need to have a certain level of ability to become a successful 德赢官网academic.但是,他们可能都同意,there are many more people with this ability than those who actually become successful 德赢官网academics.

Learning the Skills for Success

专注于学习和教学技能以取得成功比试图找出世界上最聪明的人更民主。A focus on skills also will lead to more knowledge production.I am in favor of the production of knowledge and believe that our knowledge base will be substantially enhanced if we are able to draw from as wide a pool of knowledge-producers as possible.Malcolm Gladwell points out that Canada could have twice as many hockey stars as it currently does if it allowed for two leagues: one league for players born between January 1st and June 30th and another for players born on or after July 1st.如果我们能早日说服更多的人相信学术上的成功不是基于高智商(一种固定的特质),学术界可能会有更多的杰出学者。德赢官网but on learning and mastering a set of skills (a learned trait).

除了在这个博客中描述这些技能之外,每年秋天我都在堪萨斯大学教写作和出版课。在那个班里,我尽力教第二年的硕士。学生成为成功学者所需的技能:时间管理,德赢官网daily writing,规划,编辑,critical thinking,以及分析能力。One semester is certainly not enough to teach all of the skills,但我的目的是创造一种学生理解完成硕士学位的情况。thesis is dependent upon learning a certain set of skills,not on being the smartest person in the room.

如果你正在努力成为一名成功或更有成效的学者,德赢官网I suggest that you think of those areas where you can improve your skill set.你需要什么技能才能成功?你怎么能学会它们?Focusing on improving your skills as opposed to raising your IQ is much more likely to help you to become more successful.

星期一,July 11,二千零一十一

Writing while enjoying life: How to make the most of your day

This blog is about being productive and enjoying life at the same time.I know sometimes the blog posts sound like I am just writing about being productive.但是,我的希望是,通过实施你在这里读到的一些策略,你将有更多的时间享受生活中的美好事物。

pacific morning

在这篇文章中,I will talk about how to structure your day to maximize productivity while also leaving time for other things that are important in your life: your health,你的家人,exercise,吃得好,etc...一个对我来说非常有效的策略是在相对较短的时间内工作,集中爆发,为了确保我早上第一件事就完成了我最重要的任务。

慢而稳:一天写两个小时

今年夏天,例如,my strategy has been to get in two to three hours of writing as early as possible in the morning,and then to dedicate the rest of the day to other tasks.我在这方面取得了很大的成功。今天早上用这种缓慢而稳定的方法写两到三个小时,六周后,我已经能够:


  1. Complete a Revise and Resubmit
  2. Complete the revisions for a short book manuscript (25,000字),并发送出去供审查。
  3. 对一篇文章作最后的润色,然后(几乎)把它发出去供审阅。
  4. 为一本教科书完成一章,然后发出去复习。
  5. 分析我剩下的63次面试中的4次。


我的系统一直在工作。它让我在写作上取得了进步,同时也让我有时间享受我在欧洲的夏天,并在西班牙和法国的新研究项目上取得一些进展。我的大部分新研究都需要我走出家门,找出发生了什么事,so it has been most enjoyable.在夏天的这个时候,离开课还有一个多月,I feel completely relaxed and as if I am making the most of my summer.

新形势=新战略

但是,一切都将改变,这意味着我需要实施一个新的战略。7月14日,我们的欧洲工作将结束。I will spend a few days in my hometown,华盛顿,DC,然后回到堪萨斯,我通常生活和工作的地方。为了我在堪萨斯的最后一个夏天,我需要换位,确保在四个方面取得进展:


  1. Writing for my deportation project
  2. Analyzing my deportee interviews
  3. Preparing my tenure dossier
  4. 准备2011年秋季的教学大纲。


To get these things done,I will use the same principle: Allocate tasks to different times of the day and leave plenty of time for breaks.Here is my new plan.

每天早晨,早上8点到10点,我会去我家附近的一家咖啡店写90分钟到两个小时的遣返计划。vwin徳赢竞技在写作上取得进展是我最重要的优先事项,这是一项需要高度集中注意力的任务。所以,that goes first.

After my writing and coffee,I will go home and have breakfast with my family.My children will not be in summer camp or any other organized activity.After breakfast,I will help the kids get ready and take them to the public library with me.我会让孩子们在图书馆里进行各种活动,然后自己开始工作。

From 11am to 1pm,我将分析至少一次被遣送出境的采访。我希望这部分计划能奏效,如果我的孩子不想去图书馆,或者他们开始在图书馆里自相残杀,这一切都会失败的,making it difficult for me to do my work.但是,我知道,在检查面试记录时,我可能会被打断,然后毫无问题地找到我离开的地方。所以,我们将尝试这个策略。

After our library trip,我们回家吃午饭放松一下。

From 2:30pm to 4:30pm,我会去我的办公室,完成那些要求我在办公室并连接到一个良好的互联网连接的任务。我会检查并回复邮件大约30分钟。请注意,这是我第一次查看电子邮件。(我希望我能做到!!)I will spend the remaining 90 minutes working on my tenure dossier and/or preparing my syllabi.

我下午5点到家,and can take the kids to the swimming pool or the park and spend the rest of the afternoon and evening with them.Depending on the weather,我也会想出一个方法在下午锻炼身体。如果外面不是100度,我要去散散步。If it is too hot,我可以走一小段路到附近的社区体育馆,然后坐上椭圆机。或者,我可以做20分钟的吉利安·迈克尔斯Making the Cut"video.

这个计划背后的想法是有意识地把一天分成工作和放松的时间。我知道我不能连续工作六个小时,但如果我在早上8点到下午5点之间休息很长时间,我可以工作5到6个小时。我也知道,这比我从早上8点到下午5点在办公室的压力要小得多。And,believe it or not,我也知道这将同样(如果不是更)有成效。

So far,这只是一个计划,所以我会告诉你事情的进展。

A Caveat

我还将指出,这个计划对我有效,因为各种因素对我有利。1)我住在一个小镇上,因此从一个地方到另一个地方需要步行15分钟或开车5分钟。A person with long commute times would have to come up with a different plan,比如,找办法在不偏离办公室的情况下长时间休息,或者至少在家里工作一天。2) My husband will be at home this summer as well,这样他就可以在我带孩子去图书馆的时候做饭,或者在我和孩子们在游泳池的时候去杂货店购物。如果你是一个没有孩子照顾的父母,你得更有创造力才能有时间写作。vwin徳赢竞技3)我的孩子10岁,10,7,因此相当独立。在这些时代,我可以指望他们在公共图书馆里自娱一两个小时。当它们变小的时候,这个计划永远不会奏效。

How have you been structuring your days this summer?它对你有用吗?If so,伟大的!If not,你如何改变你的结构,使其更有效率,也能有一个生活??

星期二,July 5,二千零一十一

How to become a better,faster vwin徳赢竞技writer

如果你是个学者,德赢官网你觉得你写得不好也不快,vwin徳赢竞技you are not alone.大多数学者德赢官网都这样认为。但是,this blog is not about sharing gripes: it is about providing solutions.And,写得不好或不快的问题有解决办法。 You can become a better,通过深度练习提vwin徳赢竞技高写作速度。

The idea of deep or deliberate practice has been around for a few decades.Proponents of this idea argue that 10,000 hours of deliberate practice make an expert.This does not mean just spending 10,000 hours,或者10年来每天2小时,做点什么,但有目的地这么做,总是挑战你的极限。学者和流行作家,如丹尼尔·科伊尔(vwin徳赢竞技 人才法则:伟大不是天生的。它长出来了。这是怎么回事。 ) and Malcolm Gladwell ( 离群值:成功的故事 ) have used this idea to explain chess prodigies,奥运会游泳运动员,以及杰出的音乐家。对我们来说,好消息是,刻意的实践可以应用于各种各样的活动,包括写作。

Helene Kirsova芭蕾舞演员,ca.1947年/摄影师不详

You can become a better,faster vwin徳赢竞技writer through deliberate practice.

How do you improve your writing other than to just sit down and vwin徳赢竞技write,vwin徳赢竞技写,and vwin徳赢竞技write some more?有意实践的支持者提出了一些建议。 Daniel Coyle,例如,offers this advice to become an expert,using the acronym REPS.

R stands for Reaching/Repeating.
要素1:到达和重复。你是否在实践中发挥了自己的能力,伸展和重复?你每分钟做几次伸展?每小时??

E代表参与。
要素2:啮合。这个练习是沉浸式的吗?它能引起你的注意吗?Does it use emotion to propel you toward a goal??

P代表目的性
要素3:目的性。任务是否直接连接到您想要建立的技能??

S代表坚强,直接的,即时反馈。
元素4:强,直接的,即时反馈。换言之,the learner always knows how they're doing — where they're making mistakes,他们做得很好-因为实践是实时告诉他们。他们不需要任何人解释他们需要做X或Y,因为它很清楚。

作为作vwin徳赢竞技家,我们可以用这些建议来深入实践,在我们的写作中检验新的水域,充分参与我们的写作,有目的地写作,得到一致的反馈。我可以想象这些概念在写作方面被广泛使用,并将提供一些例子来说明我们如何使用这个想法。

深层练习要素1:伸展和重复。

写作是通过文字传达思想的过程。一种方法reach,"然后,每天都用一个新词。Just before you begin to vwin徳赢竞技write,在你的领域里找一篇日记文章,找一个你不经常使用的词。不是一个刺耳的词,but one that is useful,像“补语”或““确证”。Try and use the word at least twice in your writing for the day.

要素2:啮合。

When you vwin徳赢竞技write,concentrate on what you are doing.When you edit,想想你所写的每一句话在多大程度上对你的论点都是必要的。Be engaged and passionate,and cut out anything that is excess.

要素3:目的性。

目的性是将任务与目标联系起来。在这里,our goal is to become a better vwin徳赢竞技writer.读写得好的书和文章可以提高你的写作水平,but this method works best when you pay attention not only to the content but to the style.Thus,when you read with an eye to improve your writing,注意你所钦佩的作者是如何造句和选词的。阅读的目的是成为一个更好的作家。vwin徳赢竞技

元素4:强,直接的,即时反馈。

变得诚实,批判性反馈对于成为一名更好的作家至关重要。vwin徳赢竞技变得强壮,直接的即时反馈并不意味着你单独写一篇文章,当你写完后把它发送到一个日志上,vwin徳赢竞技但在文章的每个阶段都会得到反馈。找一个值得信任的朋友来阅读早期草稿,and ask experts in your field to read later versions.尽早并经常得到反馈。

担心你永远不会成为一个好作家?vwin徳赢竞技Well,worry no more,after 10,千小时的刻意练习,你将是最好的。And,如果是10,000 hours sounds like a long time to wait,不要担心。You probably already have quite a few hours of practice under your belt,一旦你开始每天练习写作,你会立即看到结果。